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Cuandixia village,Tanzhesi Temple and Jietaisi Temple One Day Tour

Cuandixia village,Tanzhesi Temple and Jietaisi Temple One Day Tour Item NO: 118967

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  • See all three representative sites in Mentougou District of Beijing.The ​Cuandixia village,the Tanzhesi Temple and Jietaisi Temple in one day trip,to see the hill,the old village and two temples on a one day tour.
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Product Name Cuandixia village,Tanzhesi Temple and Jietaisi Temple One Day Tour
Item NO 118967
Weight 0.0000 kg = 0.0000 lb = 0.0000 oz
Category Private Tours > Small Group Tours
Tag Cuandixia village , Tanzhesi Temple , Jietaisi Temple
Brand Beijing Trip Advisor
Creation time 2018-02-05


1.Cuandixia Village

Cuandixia Village is located in Zhaitang Town of Mentougou District in the western suburbs of Beijing, 99 kilometers and about two hours' drive away from Beijing. It is a relatively well-preserved and centralized ancient village of the Ming and Qing dynasties. There are more than 70 quadrangle dwellings with 689 rooms preserved there.

This village retains a relatively complete architectural complex of ancient houses. They are surrounded by mountains and are built on the gentle slopes of the north side, so their places of construction have become higher and higher.

A south-north axis passes through the village, dividing all the folk houses into two parts, forming a fan-shaped layout for the development of houses there.

A giant curved wall separates the village into the upper and lower parts. The village was built in the Ming Dynasty, rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty, and is still completely preserved now. All of the 689 rooms of the 74 dwellings are constructions from the Qing Dynasty, without a single new house.

cuandixia village
Cuandixia Village has a history of more than 400 years. In 1515 (the Ming period), an important military pass, Cuanlikou, was built in the Cuandixia Village area.

This pass is situated at the junction of Beijing's Ancient Road to the West (the joint name of various commercial roads, military roads and pilgrimage routes that run through today's Mentougou area) and the Great Wall. It was the first pass for Beijing to defend against north-west enemies.

Through textual research by experts, it is believed that the site of today's Cuandixia Village was the location of the wall of Cuanlikou of the Ming Dynasty, and the folk houses were the government offices and barracks of the troops stationed there.

The prosperity of this village was due to the ancient post road constructed in the 14th year of the Zhengde period (1519 AD) in the Ming Dynasty. This road was once the only road leading to Hebei, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia. It was an important military road then.

By the Qing Dynasty, the stability in the northern areas made the village become unimportant militarily. The post road turned into a business travel route between Beijing and the north-west regions, and the village was a stopover place on the road for travelling merchants.

In the Kangxi and Qianlong periods, commerce in this village reached its peak. At that time, there were eight business stores, and three to four inns with sheds for carts and animals.

After the establishment of the PRC, National Highway 109 opened (Beijing to the north-west: a road connecting Beijing, Heibei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and other regions). Cuandixia Village lost its role as a commodity distribution center and an inn on the post road, and became a small, predominantly agricultural village.

2.Tanzhe Temple

Tanzhe Temple is located in the south-east of Mentougou District, west of Beijing. It is about a two-hour drive and is 30 kilometers away from the downtown city. Tanzhe Temple and Jietai Temple are the two old temples that are most well-known and worshipped in by most visitors in suburban Beijing. With an inner temple area of 25,000 square meters and an outside temple area of 112,000 square meters, Tanzhe Temple is grand in scale.

Facing south, backed by mountains, Tanzhe Temple is encircled by nine tall mountains. They are in the shape of a horseshoe, and the temple looks like it is being surrounded by nine huge dragons. The cold wave from the north-west is blocked by the high peaks. As a result, the climate there is warm and wet.

In the temple, there are towering old trees, pagodas and palaces. Based on its topography, the whole temple has an ingenious layout and is well-proportioned. Besides, with the embellishment of bamboo and flowers around it, it has a much more beautiful environment.

Oldest Temple in Beijing
Tanzhe Temple was originally established in the Western Jin Dynasty (307 AD). So far, it has existed for more than 1,700 years. It is the first temple built after the introduction of Buddhism to Beijing. There is a proverb stating that "Tanzhe Temple came into being first, and then came Beijing City".

At that time, Buddhism failed to be accepted by people, so it developed very slowly. After that, the suppression of Buddhism was carried out twice in the Northern Wei Dynasty and the Northern Zhou Dynasty. Therefore, there had been no developments since its construction was completed.

It was not until the Tang Dynasty that Buddhism began to flourish. Tanzhe Temple also flourished gradually and reached a peak until the Ming and Qing Dynasties when it had a few ups and downs.

Temple Worshipped by the Most Visitors in Beijing
As a famous old temple in Beijing, Tanzhe Temple received many tourists and pilgrims throughout history, and was worshipped in by a great number of people. Since the Jin Dynasty, there had been emperors in each dynasty who visited the temple to pray and worship Buddha. Numerous imperial concubines, dukes and ministers also went there, not to mention the common people. Ever since the Ming Dynasty, Tanzhe Temple has been a firm place for people in Beijing to enjoy spring outings and Buddha worshipping.

Situated in remote mountains, Tanzhe Temple is very inconvenient for transportation. In order to facilitate its access by transportation, several ancient roads were built throughout history, leading to Tanzhe Temple from various directions. Some of the ancient roads were funded by the royal family or officials, while others by folk pilgrim associations, which had a good and close relationship with Tanzhe Temple and were devoted to Buddha.

Tanzhesi Temple Zen Tea Culture Festivals
The first Tanzhesi Temple Zen Tea Culture Festival aims at promoting the traditional tea culture, which was celebrated in 2008. During the culture festival, Tanzhisi Temple will launch a series of products "Tanzhesi Zen Tea" to help visitors pray. Moreover, a unique product "Tanzhesi prime cake" will be launched for the first time, using high-quality raw material, and cooked with Tanzhesi millennium Suzhai refined production process. It can be described as the best gifts for friends and family.

During the Zen Tea Culture Festival, the very traditional performance that the Emperor offers incense to Buddha will also add new content to the long history of the tea culture as well as tell the very history in a humorous way.

Main Constructions
Facing southwards, the main constructions of Tanzhe Temple can be divided into three parts: mid, east and west.

The mid part is mainly the Buddha halls, chiefly including the Hall of the Heavenly King, Mahavira Hall and Pilu Pavilion. Maitreya Buddha is seated in the Hall of the Heavenly King. Right behind the Hall of the Heavenly King, Mahavira Hall has a double hipped roof, yellow glazed tiles and green edges. There is a big green glazed owl kissing both sides of the main ridge. It is a relic of the Yuan Dynasty, fastened by a glittering gilded long chain.

Pilu Pavilion is an attic of two floors and is constructed from wood. Standing in Pilu Pavilion and looking afar, you can have a panoramic view of the temple and the remote mountains.

The east part consists of the imperial palaces for the emperors of the Qing Dynasty for their short stays there. They are mainly courtyards, among which the Pavilion of Floating Cups is the most famous one. In the pavilion hangs a holographic horizontal tablet of "Yi Ting" by Emperor Qianlong.

The west part has scattered pathways and yards. Some of the Buddha halls are square and some are round. The Goddess of Mercy Pavilion is the highest Buddha hall and is also the highest construction in the temple. Its corners are fastened by brass bells.

Treasurable Pots
There is a copper pot of 1.85 meters in diameter and 1.1 meters in depth in front of the Hall of the Heavenly King. It is what the monks used for cooking.

What's more, there is a much bigger pot in the temple, being 4 meters in diameter and 2 meters in depth. It can contain 592 kilograms of rice at one time and it has to cook for 16 hours before the porridge is done. Due to its long diameter and thick bottom, it boils slowly with a gentle fire. As a result, the porridge is sticky and sweet.

Stone Fish
The Hall of the Heavenly King is at the west end of the Goddess of Mercy Pavilion of Tanzhe Temple. On the porch in front of the hall there is a stone fish of 1.7 meters in length and 150 kilograms in weight. It looks like a copper fish, but it is actually a stone one. It can produce five "notes" if you beat it.

It has a legend that it was a treasure from the Dragon King's Palace of the South China Sea. The Dragon King gave it to the Jade Emperor. Later, the Jade Emperor sent it to Tanzhe Temple to help get rid of the calamities when the men's world suffered a serious drought catastrophe.

During a night of strong wind and heavy rains, the stone fish fell from the heavens into the yard of the temple. The original stone fish no longer exists, and the stone fish in the temple now is a copy that was made afterwards.

Ancient Ginkgo Trees
A giant and tall ginkgo tree grows at the east side of Mahavira Hall of Tanzhe Temple. Its tree trunk has grown 4 meters wide and 30 meters high. It was crowned as the "Emperor Tree" by Emperor Qianlong. It was planted in the Tang Dynasty, with a history of over 1,000 years. On its symmetrical side is an "Empress Tree". Interestingly, both trees are male plants. Therefore, they both bear no fruit.

Ancient Magnolia Trees
Two huge purple magnolia trees stand to the east of Pilu Pavilion of Tanzhe Temple. Their tree trunks are more than one foot wide and 12 meters high. Their full bloom period is between April and October every year. They are at least 200 years old.

Best Times to Visit
Early April: lilacs and magnolias in Tanzhe Temple will be in full bloom. Hanami festivals are also occasionally held at Tanzhe Temple.

Late October to early November:to enjoy ginkgoes.

The number of people visiting the temple is much bigger than usual at weekends, and on the first and the fifth days of the lunar calendar, while the rest of the time the temple is relatively quiet. It takes almost half a day to visit the temple as it is very large in scale.

3.Jietai Temple

Located in Mentougou District 22 miles (35 kilometers) west of the urban area, Jietai Temple is one of the oldest royal Buddhist temples in Beijing. It was constructed in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), covering an area of 11 acres (4 hectares). Jietai Temple is famous for the largest Buddhist ordination terrace existent in China, thus also called the Ordination Terrace Temple.

The ordination terrace or ordination altar, Jietai in Chinese, is the place to initiate someone into monkhood or nunhood in Buddhism. Located in the middle of the Grand Hall of Ordination Terrace, the altar is a 3.5-meter-high (11.5-feet-high) square tower made of bluestone. On the four sides of the terrace, there are 113 statues of Buddha, which were all remade in the 1980s by the famous Chinese clay figurine master Zhang Ming and his apprentice.

The ordination terrace was first built in the Liao Dynasty (916-1125) by Fajun, who was an eminent monk of the Lu Sect, a branch of Buddhism. It was called the "No. 1 Ordination Terrace  in China" at that time. In order to commend Fajun's work, the Emperor granted him the Yuzhi Jieben, a sutra that was copied by the Emperor himself. Since the one who held the Yuzhi Jieben would be recognized as the leader of the Lu Sect in China, this book has become the most important treasure of Jietai temple. It has become the sacred land of the Lu Sect and the highest Buddhist institution in northern China.

Ancient Buildings and Plants
When entering it, the first building visitors see is the Gate Hall, its entrance. In front of the hall is a tablet, on which is carved the passage written by Emperor Kangxi (1661-1722) of the Qing Dynasty. Behind the Hall is the Hall of Heavenly Kings. The Buddha Maitreya is worshiped in the middle of the hall and beside it are the four Heavenly Kings.

After going through the Hall of the Heavenly Kings, you can see the Mahavira Hall. The Buddha Shakyamuni is worshipped in it and the Amitabha and the Medicine Buddha are at the two sides of Shakyamuni respectively. The hall behind the Mahavira Hall is the Hall of One Thousand Buddha Statues, unfortunately now only the ruins of the hall remain and the original site can not be seen.

Having seen the ancient buildings, visitors can now appreciate the precious plants. There are five famous old pines in Jietai Temple, which were named the Pagoda Hugging Pine, the Sleeping Dragon Pine, the Nine Dragons Pine, the Moving Pine and the At Ease Pine. They all have their own characteristics.

Apart from the precious trees, the flowers in Jietai Temple are also a great attraction. It has more than 1,000 lilac trees of which 20 are more than 200 years old. Every year from April to May, the lilacs blossom makes Jietai Temple seem covered in a sea of flowers. Every year when the lilacs are in full bloom, the lilacs festival is held. It starts from April and ends in May. The splendid bloom provides an unforgettable memory for visitors.

In Jietai Temple there is a Peony Yard, where there are many old peony trees. It is said that the earliest one was panted by Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty but most of the peony trees were planted by Prince Gong (1833-1898). In the yard there are many precious species, such as the green peony, the black peony and the multi-layer peony.

Speical Activities during Festivals
Having appreciated the attractions, visitors can also enjoy the activities held in it. During the Dragon Boat Festival, there is a series of activities including Eating Zongzi (pyramid-shaped glutinous rice wrapped in reed or bamboo leaves), Wearing Sachet and Praying Blessing. In other festivals of the year such as the New Year's Day and the Spring Festival's Eve, there is Bell Tolling to Welcoming the New Year activity. These traditional Chinese activities allow visitors to experience the best of Chinese culture.

What's Included
Domestic transportation as detailed in the itinerary
Private English-speaking guide 
Experienced Chinese-speaking driver and quality, air-conditioned vehicle
Admission tickets to all sights listed on the itinerary – no hidden costs
Free bottled water supplied in your vehicle
Meals as specified in quality local restaurants

What's Not Included
International flights to and from China
International travel insurance (you should purchase your own policy in your home country)
Accommodation - if you want us to book hotels for you, please let your advisor know either via email: 1935990176@QQcom or add customized requirement while you purchase our tours.

Tips for your guide and driver
Other personal expenses


This tour price is for two persons,and the one day tour price is for 8 hours a day, every 2 hours extra will be charged 30 US dollars per person.

Meals may change based on the time and location. You can also ask your guide to change your meals. We will try our best to help you enjoy a variety of Chinese food.

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